Breast Examination – Breast Cancer Screening Chennai
Prevent Breast Cancer
Breast examination- Breast Screening Chennai.
Reducing risk of Breast cancer
Mammogram kind of screening for cancer.
This is the most common kind of screening for cancer. A mammogram could be referred to as a breast x-ray in lay man’s terms. When it comes to detecting tumours, this test detects even those that are too small to feel. This test may also unearth any abnormal cells in the lining of the breast duct. These too are cancerous. One set back when it comes to mammograms is that they cannot effectively detect tumours in women younger than fifty years. The reason behind this is that the younger women have denser breast tissue that appear white on the mammogram. Since tumours appear as white on the mammogram too, it becomes quite hard sorting out the tumour. The skill of the radiologist also has a major role to play in the interpretation of the mammogram.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
This is for those women with high risk of getting cancer. MRI utilises a magnet, a computer and radio waves to make detailed pictures of areas inside the body. It can also be referred to as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI). Take note, MRI is not to be confused with X-rays. It does not entirely utilise x-rays in any of its operations. Women who fall under any of the categories discussed below should go for an MRI. Those with certain gene changes. For instance, BRCA1 OR BRCA2 genes. Those with a family history of breast cancer and genetic syndromes such asLi-Fraumeni or Cowden Syndrome.
Clinical breast exam (CBE).
This is an exam conducted on the breast by either a doctor or any other health professional. The professional involved feels the breasts under the arms for any lumps or other things out of the ordinary. Breasts self-exams also fall under this category. Both men and women should feel their breast from time to time for any anomalies. In case anything is out of order, you should inform your health expert as soon as possible.
Thermography (still under clinical evaluation).
Though still under clinical trial, this is one promising method. The procedure involves a special camera that senses heat. This kind of camera helps record skin temperatures around the breast area. A computer to which the camera is attached, then makes a map of the varied heat changes across the breast. Tumours do cause temperature changes and this shows clearly on the maps drawn by the computer. Like indicated above, it is still under trial and no successful diagnosis have been recorded as such.
Tissue sampling (still under clinical evaluation).
This method too is under clinical trials. It involves taking cells from breast tissue for observation under a microscope. Scientists have been sampling tissue and conducting studies to see if these could be a potential improvement towards discovering breast cancer during its early stages. There are several divisions under this method. The first is fine-needle aspiration where a thin needle gets inserted into breast tissue around the darkened area around the nipple in search of sample cells and fluids. The other one is ductal lavage an extremely small catheter is inserted to the nipple and a small amount of salt water released into the duct. The water picks up breast cells and is removed.