Ovarian cancer Treatment, Tests and Surgery Chennai
Ovarian cancer surgery is a complex operation. The physician should ensure cancerous cells are
eliminated totally or as much as possible. The surgical procedure is undertaken for the removal of twin
ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus including the cervical tissue. Where a patient has a contour ovarian
tumor or earlier stage cancer, the affected ovary or fallopian tube is eliminated only.
Earlier Surgery for ovarian cancer
To determine the stage of cancerous growth, the surgeon obtains samples from certain body parts like
abdominal or pelvis tissue and adjoining organs to establish the extent of the disease. Fatty lining on the
ovaries is also removed to see if the cancer has spread to these areas. The surgeon also injects sterile
fluid in the abdomen and is later removed for assessment at the laboratory. The surgeon may also
eliminate lymph nodes near the uterus, ovaries, pelvis and abdomen and also take samples to detect
Surgery for developed ovarian cancer
This is necessary if the cancer has contaminated cells in your pelvis and abdomen, affected tissues are
removed substantially. If a few cancerous cells remain, chemotherapy is highly efficacious to eliminate
remnant cells. Similarly, your doctor may retrieve samples from the abdominal and pelvic areas to
pinpoint other tissues that may be affected. In case there is fluid within your abdomen, samples should
be sent to the laboratory to test for cancerous cells.
In other cases, doctors get rid of a portion of the bowel. This is necessary where the cancer has spread in
the area or the bowel is blocked. They may also have to establish an opening on the outer side of the
abdomen for bowel contents to empty into a sac, the process is known as colostomy. This is normally
temporal. The surgeon may also require undertaking a smaller surgical procedure to close the opening
when cells stabilize following the operation.
Interval debulking operation
In case your surgeon determines it is viable to eliminate all or substantial part of cancerous cells, the
surgery precedes chemotherapy. However, if it is complex for the physician to enormously remove
cancerous cells, chemotherapy may be recommended first. On this footing, a simple biopsy of the
cancer confirms the diagnosis, subsequently chemotherapy and surgery are embarked on. This is a form
of primary therapy that is referred to as neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. The chemotherapy aids in
shrinking the tumor as to facilitate removal by the physician. The remaining chemotherapy follows the
surgical procedure. The procedure is known as interval debulking surgery.
Interval debulking surgery is appropriate following a surgical operation as the first treatment. It can also
be adopted if an antecedent surgery did not eliminate enough cancerous cells or where the process is
carried out by a non-specialist physician. Consequently, in this scenario, surgery comes first, followed by
chemotherapy and another surgery to get rid of remaining tumor and a last chemotherapy.
After the surgery, if there are serious symptoms like incessant pain, you should consult with your doctor
for appropriate prescriptions. However, the operation is big; thus, side effects will vary depending on
your body and other factors.