Hysteroscopy is a diagnostic and therapeutic procedure that allows a doctor to look inside the uterus using a hysteroscope, which is a thin, lighted tube with a camera on the end. This procedure allows the doctor to view the inside of the uterus and diagnose or treat any abnormalities.
There are two types of hysteroscopy, diagnostic and operative hysteroscopy.
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is used to examine the uterus and diagnose conditions such as abnormal bleeding, infertility, and recurrent miscarriages. During a diagnostic hysteroscopy, the doctor will insert the hysteroscope through the cervix and into the uterus to view the inside. The procedure is usually done in an office or outpatient setting and is usually performed under local or conscious sedation.
Operative hysteroscopy is used to treat conditions such as abnormal bleeding, polyps, fibroids and adhesions, by using specialized instruments that are inserted through the hysteroscope to remove or repair these conditions. Operative hysteroscopy is typically done in an operating room, and it can be done under general or regional anesthesia.
Hysteroscopy is generally considered a safe and well-tolerated procedure. However, as with any surgery, there are risks and complications that can occur, such as bleeding, infection, or injury to the uterus or surrounding organs. It is important to talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits of hysteroscopy before deciding to have the procedure.
It is important to consult with a specialist in reproductive health and gynecology to determine if this surgery is the best option for you.